English food vocabulary

How food is cooked

boiled – cooked in boiling water

steamed – cooked over a saucepan of boiling water

fried / sauteed – cooked in oil in a frying pan

stir-fried – fried fast in hot oil

pan-fried – fried in a frying pan

roasted – cooked in oil in the oven

grilled – cooked under a grill

baked – cooked in the oven

stewed – cooked for a long time on a low heat

casseroled – cooked slowly in juices


Types of food

meat = lamb, pork or beef

poultry = chicken, turkey, goose, duck

game = rabbit, hare, partridge, pheasant

fish = salt water fish / sea fish, fresh water fish

seafood = prawns, shrimps, lobster, scallops, mussels, crab





starter / hors d'oeuvre / appetiser

main course


Foto: NicoleAbalde (CC BY-ND)